Explain and distinguish between the following terms in relation to the doctrine of precedent in the English legal system:
(a) ratio decidendi and obiter dictum; (4 marks)
(b) binding precedent and persuasive precedent. (6 marks)
Which of the following statements, if any, is/are correct? (1) Internal auditors should report to the finance director as they understand internal controls and are best placed to implement any recommendations in a timely manner (2) Companies are not required to establish and maintain an internal audit function
C.Both 1 and 2
D.Neither 1 nor 2
Which of the following is NOT an inherent limitation of internal control systems?
A.Insufficient segregation of duties
B.Possibility that employees may collude together fraudulently
C.Possibility of human error in undertaking tasks
IAF对职业健康安全管理体系认证标准由 OHSAS18001 转换成 ISO 45001 的相关事项提出了要求,组织还不能基于GB／T28001标准认证证书,转换为ISO45001:2018标准认证证书。()
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